Annually, the Open Doors report published by the Institute of International Education (IIE) on International Education exchange provides many useful and relevant information on the numbers of international students studying in the United States in the 2017/18 academic year, and the numbers of U.S. students studying abroad for academic credit in 2016/17. The IIE’s Open Doors report has been a great resource in detecting trends as well as shifts in American Higher Education.

The academic year 2017/2018 has seen an overall increase of 1.5 % of international students on American campuses, a number that has been steadily raised for many years. Overall, international students make up for 5.5 % of all university students in the United States – a number that is also heavily connected to the monetary contribution of international students to the U.S. economy. According to the 2018 open Doors report, the 2017 contribution to the United States economy by international students amounts to $42.4 billion USD which amounts to a considerable economy branch within the U.S. economy.

The most popular destinations for international students remain to be California, New York, Texas and Massachusetts. The most popular areas of studies have been Engineering, Business $ Management and Math and Computer Sciences in 2017/2018.

Identifying new trends within the world of Higher Education, the Open Doors report concludes that most U.S. higher education institutions prioritize the Asian market of origin for their outreach and recruiting efforts, a trend that has carried on from previous years. Among the trends that have continued to be popular is the fact that, still, more than half of American study abroad students (54%) choose Europe as destination for their time abroad. Continuously, the majority of study abroad students have been female, 67% of study abroad students were women in the 201772018 academic year.